Pain that persists for longer than 6 months is referred to as chronic pain (Keefe, 1982). Chronic pain can compromise all aspects of a person’s life and living with it requires emotional resilience which, when depleted, can lead to feelings of helplessness, hopelessness and depression.
Controlled trials confirm that hypnosis treatments are effective for reducing daily pain intensity in individuals with chronic pain and can enhance the efficacy of other treatments.” (Mark P. Jensen, Hypnosis for Chronic Pain Management).
Typically, hypnosis sessions include suggestions or series of suggestions for change in perceptual experiences, thoughts or behaviours. These suggestions help to make changes in the way the brain processes pain and the pain- related thoughts, so a person can feel better. Post-hypnotic suggestions (suggestions given to people while they are still absorbed in hypnosis) are included for the purpose of reducing pain beyond the session. Clients can employ relaxation techniques that quickly and easily create a state of comfort or use a cue (i.e., taking a deep breath and exhaling as eye lids close) to enable periodic relief.
Hypnosis has been applied to a variety of pain conditions including headaches, cancer, low-back problems, temporomandibular joint conditions (TMJ), fibromyalgia, dentistry, childbirth and more.
- Direct suggestion/indirect suggestion
- Gradual diminution
- Transformation n
- Time Distortion
- Shifting representational systems
- Age regression/progression
- Sensory alteration